The branch of philosophy consist of several sections that focus on discussing their respective fields. Philosophy is a way of looking at a truth that comes from the five senses (sorry to interpret it myself, the name is also learning to reason). In philosophy there are known branches of philosophy, including logic, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics and metaphysics.
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Logic is a branch of philosophy that investigates whether our thinking is straight or not. Fields in logic are the principles that define righteous, precise and healthy thinking. By studying logic, it is hoped that someone will be able to apply the principle of reasoning so that they can draw conclusions appropriately.
Logic becomes an element of the branch of philosophy. The presence of logic actually helps in recognizing and investigating thoughts. Whether these thoughts contradict the principles or not. There are two principles of logic, namely the principle of inferencing or the ability to conclude, then the principle of validity or validity.
Judging from the type, logic is divided into two. The first is deductive logic, or a way of thinking by drawing specific conclusions. They do a syllogistic thinking pattern that begins by making conclusions from deductive reasoning according to the premise.
Second, inductive logic, which is a way of thinking that is carried out by drawing conclusions in general first, after which it is drawn specifically. Usually conclusions are conveyed by presenting a typical statement first.
Epistemology is a part of philosophy that explains the occurrence of knowledge, the source of knowledge, the origin of knowledge, the limits, the nature, the method and the validity of knowledge. For example in the philosophy of science, namely studying the characteristics of scientific knowledge and how to get it. By studying epistemology and philosophy of science, it is hoped that you can distinguish between knowledge and science and know the truth of a science in terms of its content.
The branch of philosophy referred to as epistemology is a science that focuses on knowledge. Where is the basis of questions that will give birth to knowledge. It also includes questions whose final results will give birth to a method of how to get it and how to prove the truth of existing or created knowledge.
Apart from epistemology, there are actually two more branches which are closely related to epistemology. Namely ontology and axiology. Ontology is a science that questions the nature of knowledge or the nature of all knowledge itself. While axiology emphasizes the benefits of knowledge.
So the three branches of philosophy above are mutually correlated and mutually reinforcing each other. If peeled off one by one, there are still more branches under ontology, epistemology and axiology. Of course, all of them cannot be discussed in this article because of limited space
Ethics is a branch of philosophy that discusses human behavior or actions in relation to good and bad. Ethics can help us know and understand what behavior is good according to certain theories. So the material object of ethics is human behavior or actions that are carried out consciously and freely. The formal object of ethics is good and evil.
It turns out that philosophy is not only about learning about science and education, there is also about action. Good for human and animal action. So, one of them is ethical action in humans.
Ethics is a branch that talks about morals and human action. Whether it's a good deed or a bad word. The term ethics is simply defined as manners and manners brought by a person. So, there is another branch of philosophy that studies ethics that specifically studies it, namely behavioral psychology.
Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy that talks about beauty. The object of aesthetics is the experience of beauty. By studying aesthetics, it is expected to be able to distinguish between philosophical aesthetics and scientific aesthetics, theories of beauty, definitions of art, artistic values and the theory of creation in art.
Apart from ethics, there are aesthetics. Aesthetics in the branch of philosophy is called the philosophy of beauty or the philosophy of beauty. Where is the knowledge that studies and talks about the beauty of an attitude or non-attitude.
In the life of human behavior, the aesthetic in question talks about appropriateness and impropriety. For example, a woman will be more beautiful if she has a polite, humble and gentle attitude. Meanwhile, a rude and condescending attitude is considered unaesthetic. So, even though the form is in an attitude, but talking about the beauty or the bright side.
The opposite is also true. For example in the world of art, the aesthetics in question is the beauty and the art offered. In other words, this aesthetic can be done anywhere, depending on the context and application where it is used.
Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that talks about being. Metaphysics talks about the sound behind the appearances. By learning metaphysics, a person will know his God. Metaphysical problems are divided into three, namely ontology, cosmology, and anthropology. Examples of metaphysical problems include what is space and time? Humans as free or non-free creatures?
that's the branch of philosophy that I know and for beginners for me. branch of philosophy is not limited from what I mentioned, you can explore it from a variety of literature. and can know more and more deeply in understanding the branch of philosophy.